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Old 09-13-2007, 09:58 PM   #1
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California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.)

California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) Basics

Grows LikeTree, Shrub
DurationPerennial
U.S. NativeNative to U.S.
National Wetland Indicator StatusFAC-, FAC

California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) Morphology and Physiology

Active Growth PeriodSpring, Summer, Fall
AllelopathNo
BloatNone
C:N RatioHigh
Coppice PotentialYes
Fall ConspicuousYes
Flower ColorYellow
Foliage ColorGreen
Foliage Porosity SummerDense
Foliage Porosity WinterDense
Foliage TextureCoarse
Fruit Seed ColorYellow
Fruit Seed ConspicuousYes
Growth FormSingle Stem
Growth RateModerate
Height at 20 Years (Maximum feet)30
Height Mature feet80
Leaf RetentionYes
LifespanLong
Low Growing GrassNo
Resprout AbilityYes
ErectErect
ToxicitySlight

California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) Growing Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Fine Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Medium Textured SoilsYes
Anaerobic ToleranceNone
CaCO3 ToleranceNone
Cold Stratification RequiredNo
Drought ToleranceLow
Frost Free Days (Minimum)140
pH Minimum5.7
pH Maximum7.4
Planting Density per Acre (Minimum)300
Planting Density per Acre (Maximum)800
Precipitation Minimum15
Precipitation Maximum84
Root Depth (Minimum inches)16
Salinity ToleranceNone
Shade ToleranceTolerant
Shade ToleranceTolerant
Minimum Temperature (F)7

California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) Reproduction

Bloom PeriodSpring
Commercial AvailabilityRoutinely Available
Fruit Seed AbundanceHigh
Fruit Seed Period BeginsSpring
Fruit Seed Period EndsSummer
Fruit Seed PersistancesYes
Propagated by Bare RootYes
Propagated by BulbsNo
Propagated by ContainerYes
Propagated by CormsNo
Propagated by CuttingsYes
Propagated by SeedYes
Propagated by SodNo
Propagated by SprigsNo
Propagated by TubersNo
Seed per Pound300
Seed Spread RateSlow
Seedling VigorMedium
Seedling VigorMedium
Small GrainNo
Vegetative Spread RateNone

California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) Edibility and Other Uses

Berry/Nut Seed ProductNo
Christmas Tree ProductNo
Fodder ProductNo
Fuelwood ProductHigh
Lumber ProductYes
Naval Store ProductYes
Palatable to a Browse AnimalMedium
Palatable to a Grazing AnimalLow
Palatable to a HumanYes
Pulpwood ProductNo
Veneer ProductNo
CategoryDicot
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Old 09-13-2007, 09:58 PM   #2
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California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.)

California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) grows like a Tree, Shrub. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is an Perennial. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Native to U.S.. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a National Wetland Indicator Status of: FAC-, FAC. Spring, Summer, Fall is when California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is actively growing. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not an allelopath. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a High C:N Ratio. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a coppice potential of Yes. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is fall conspicuous. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a Yellow colored flower. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has Green colored foliage. In the summertime, California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a Dense foliage porosity. In the wintertime, California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a Dense foliage porosity. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a Coarse foliage texture. Seeds of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) are Yellow. Seeds of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) are Yes conspicuous. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) grows as a Single Stem. The growth rate of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Moderate. The maximum height of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) at 20 years is 30 feet. The mature height of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is 80 feet. The lifespan of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Long. The shape and orientation of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Erect. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is adapted to coarse textured soils. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is adapted to fine textured soils. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is adapted to medium textured soils. The anaerobic tolerance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is None. The CaCO3 tolerance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is None. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) does not require cold stratification. The drought tolerance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Low. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) requires a minimum of 140 frost free days per year. The minimum pH of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is 5.7. The maximum pH of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is 7.4. The minimum planting density per acre of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is 300. The maximum planting density per acre of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is 800. The minimum Precipitation that California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) requires is 15. The maximum Precipitation that California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) can handle is 84. The minimum root depth of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is 16 inches. The salininty tolerance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is None. The shade tolerance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Tolerant. The shade tolerance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Tolerant. The minimum temperature that California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) requires is 7. The bloom period of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Spring. The commerical availability of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Routinely Available. The fruit seed abundance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is High. The fruit seed period of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) begins Spring. The fruit seed period of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) ends Summer. The fruit seed persistance of California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is Yes. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is propagated by bare roots. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is propagated by bulbs. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is propagated by container. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not propagated by corms. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is propagated by cuttings. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is propagated by seed. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not propagated by sod. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not propagated by sprig. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not propagated by tubers. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) can generally yield 300 seeds per pound of seeds. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a Slow seed spread rate. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a Medium seedling vigor. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a Medium seedling vigor. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) does not have a small grain. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) has a None vegatative spread rate. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) does not have a berry/nut seed product. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not viable as a Christmas Tree. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) does not make a good fodder product. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) does not make a good fuel wood product. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) makes a good lumber product. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) makes a good naval store product. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not palatable to browse animals. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not palatable to grazing animals. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is not palatable to humans. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) does not make a pulpwood product. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) does not make a veneer product. California Laurel (Umbellularia Californica (Hook. & Arn.) Nutt.) is of the category, Dicot.
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