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Old 09-13-2007, 09:34 PM   #1
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Pennsylvania Smartweed

Pennsylvania Smartweed Basics

Grows LikeForb/herb
DurationAnnual
U.S. NativeNative to U.S.
PLANTS Invasive StatusKY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS
National Wetland Indicator StatusFACW-, OBL

Pennsylvania Smartweed Morphology and Physiology

Active Growth PeriodSummer
After Harvest Regrowth RateSlow
AllelopathNo
BloatNone
C:N RatioMedium
Coppice PotentialNo
Fall ConspicuousNo
Flower ColorRed
Foliage ColorGreen
Foliage Porosity SummerModerate
Foliage Porosity WinterPorous
Foliage TextureMedium
Fruit Seed ColorBlack
Fruit Seed ConspicuousNo
Growth FormSingle Crown
Growth RateModerate
Height Mature feet3.9
Leaf RetentionNo
LifespanShort
Low Growing GrassNo
Resprout AbilityNo
ErectErect
ToxicityNone

Pennsylvania Smartweed Growing Requirements

Adapted to Coarse Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Fine Textured SoilsYes
Adapted to Medium Textured SoilsYes
Anaerobic ToleranceMedium
CaCO3 ToleranceMedium
Cold Stratification RequiredNo
Drought ToleranceMedium
Frost Free Days (Minimum)95
pH Minimum4
pH Maximum8.5
Precipitation Minimum12
Precipitation Maximum60
Root Depth (Minimum inches)14
Salinity ToleranceLow
Shade ToleranceIntolerant
Shade ToleranceIntolerant
Minimum Temperature (F)32

Pennsylvania Smartweed Reproduction

Bloom PeriodSpring
Commercial AvailabilityRoutinely Available
Fruit Seed AbundanceMedium
Fruit Seed Period BeginsSpring
Fruit Seed Period EndsFall
Fruit Seed PersistancesNo
Propagated by Bare RootNo
Propagated by BulbsNo
Propagated by ContainerNo
Propagated by CormsNo
Propagated by CuttingsNo
Propagated by SeedYes
Propagated by SodNo
Propagated by SprigsNo
Propagated by TubersNo
Seed per Pound126111
Seed Spread RateRapid
Seedling VigorMedium
Seedling VigorMedium
Small GrainNo
Vegetative Spread RateNone

Pennsylvania Smartweed Edibility and Other Uses

Berry/Nut Seed ProductNo
Christmas Tree ProductNo
Fodder ProductNo
Fuelwood ProductNone
Lumber ProductNo
Naval Store ProductNo
Palatable to a Grazing AnimalLow
Palatable to a HumanNo
Pulpwood ProductNo
Veneer ProductNo
CategoryDicot
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Old 09-13-2007, 09:34 PM   #2
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Pennsylvania Smartweed

Pennsylvania Smartweed grows like a Forb/herb. Pennsylvania Smartweed is an Annual. Pennsylvania Smartweed is Native to U.S.. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a PLANTS Invasive Status of: KY, N'EAST, NE&GP, SWSS. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a National Wetland Indicator Status of: FACW-, OBL. Summer is when Pennsylvania Smartweed is actively growing. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Slow growth rate after harvest. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not an allelopath. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Medium C:N Ratio. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a coppice potential of No. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not fall conspicuous. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Red colored flower. Pennsylvania Smartweed has Green colored foliage. In the summertime, Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Moderate foliage porosity. In the wintertime, Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Porous foliage porosity. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Medium foliage texture. Seeds of Pennsylvania Smartweed are Black. Seeds of Pennsylvania Smartweed are No conspicuous. Pennsylvania Smartweed grows as a Single Crown. The growth rate of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Moderate. The mature height of Pennsylvania Smartweed is 3.9 feet. The lifespan of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Short. The shape and orientation of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Erect. Pennsylvania Smartweed is adapted to coarse textured soils. Pennsylvania Smartweed is adapted to fine textured soils. Pennsylvania Smartweed is adapted to medium textured soils. The anaerobic tolerance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Medium. The CaCO3 tolerance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Medium. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not require cold stratification. The drought tolerance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Medium. Pennsylvania Smartweed requires a minimum of 95 frost free days per year. The minimum pH of Pennsylvania Smartweed is 4. The maximum pH of Pennsylvania Smartweed is 8.5. The minimum Precipitation that Pennsylvania Smartweed requires is 12. The maximum Precipitation that Pennsylvania Smartweed can handle is 60. The minimum root depth of Pennsylvania Smartweed is 14 inches. The salininty tolerance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Low. The shade tolerance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Intolerant. The shade tolerance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Intolerant. The minimum temperature that Pennsylvania Smartweed requires is 32. The bloom period of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Spring. The commerical availability of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Routinely Available. The fruit seed abundance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is Medium. The fruit seed period of Pennsylvania Smartweed begins Spring. The fruit seed period of Pennsylvania Smartweed ends Fall. The fruit seed persistance of Pennsylvania Smartweed is No. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by bare roots. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by bulbs. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by container. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by corms. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by cuttings. Pennsylvania Smartweed is propagated by seed. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by sod. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by sprig. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not propagated by tubers. Pennsylvania Smartweed can generally yield 126111 seeds per pound of seeds. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Rapid seed spread rate. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Medium seedling vigor. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a Medium seedling vigor. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not have a small grain. Pennsylvania Smartweed has a None vegatative spread rate. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not have a berry/nut seed product. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not viable as a Christmas Tree. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not make a good fodder product. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not make a good fuel wood product. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not make a good lumber product. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not make a naval store product. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not palatable to grazing animals. Pennsylvania Smartweed is not palatable to humans. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not make a pulpwood product. Pennsylvania Smartweed does not make a veneer product. Pennsylvania Smartweed is of the category, Dicot.
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